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Broadband in WNC Latency Relevancy Satellite SpaceX Starlink Transylvania Video Conferencing

Low Earth Orbit Satellites

LEO as a Broadband Solution

Headlines commonly provide updates to Elon Musk’s SpaceX Starlink program. The SpaceX satellites are low earth orbiting satellites (LEO).

What are the pros and cons of low earth orbit satellites as a potential broadband solution?

Lamar Owen, Chief Technology Officer at the Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute (PARI) provides some insights in this series of recordings on the topics of broadband and PARI.

SpaceX Downlink, Uplink, Latency, and Capacity

The internet user experience can be associated with key broadband metrics, including the download, upload, and broadband latency. Additionally, our WNC Broadband project team member, Stagg Newman questions the capacity of a SpaceX satellite and its ability to serve communities.

We need to consider whether Space X can provide the downlink and uplink speeds needed, the low latency, and importantly the capacity to help solve the WNC Broadband challenges.

Stagg Newman, Former Chief Technologist, U.S. National Broadband Team, FCC

Stagg Newman, a WNC Broadband Project Team lead; also provides the link below on capacity and other challenges of SpaceX.

https://conexon.us/conexon-blog/spacex-is-aptly-named-space-pig-in-a-poke-was-apparently-already-taken/

One way to think about SpaceX capacity is to realize that the entire capacity of the SpaceX satellite fleet that will be over the United States at any one time is about the same capacity as one single fiber equipped with the latest and greatest opto-electronics!

Stagg Newman, Former Chief Technologist, U.S. National Broadband Team, FCC

The WNC Broadband Project Team will be hosting a WNC Broadband Summit with UNCA and the Dogwood Health Trust in early March. Stay tuned for details and please contact a member of the WNC Broadband Project Team with any questions.

Also See

Broadband at PARI Series

PARI Website

https://www.pari.edu/

Categories
Broadband in WNC Education Lamar Owen Latency PARI Transylvania Video Conferencing

Video Conferencing and Education

Broadband Matters

WNC Broadband Project series on broadband continues at the Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute with Marc Czarnecki learning from Lamar Owen, Chief Technology Officer at PARI… why broadband matters with video conferencing for education.

Broadband latency is critical to ‘glitch-freeness’ as Lamar states.

Bandwidth is really key. Latency is key reliability for glitch-freeness which is very important to the student experience to keep the educational experience from being impeded by technical issues.

Lamar Owen, CTO at PARI
Lamar Owen provides technical perspectives from PARI on broadband and latency.

Also See

Broadband at PARI Series

PARI Website

https://www.pari.edu/

Categories
Broadband in WNC Education Lamar Owen PARI Transylvania

Virtual Education with Broadband

Broadband at PARI or the Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute series continues; with the topic of virtual education.

Lamar Owens, Chief Technology Officer discusses that good broadband is needed for:

  • Space Kits program – https://www.pari.edu/camps/space-at-home/
  • Video conference with Dr. Patricia Craig – https://www.linkedin.com/in/patricia-craig-b1495788/
  • Using online tools like :
    • Discord for students to communicate directly via voice, video, or text, and join servers where larger communities can interact together.
    • GroupMe for private chat room for small groups.

Broadband at PARI Series

PARI Website

https://www.pari.edu/

Categories
Broadband access Broadband in WNC Fiber Lamar Owen PARI Transylvania

Future of Broadband at PARI

As part 4 of a series of questions for Marc Czarnecki, WNC Broadband Project Team; Lamar Owen, Chief Technology Officer at the Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute or PARI was ask about the future of broadband for their area.

Resiliency or the capacity to recover quickly from difficulties – completing a fiber loop to Jackson County and Western Carolina University

Lamar Owen, CTO at PARI

Broadband at PARI, the Series

PARI Website

https://www.pari.edu/

Categories
Broadband Technology Lamar Owen Latency PARI Satellite Transylvania

Broadband Enabled

What has broadband enabled at the Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute (PARI)?

PARI Satellite Dish

As part 3 of the WNC Broadband Project’s inquiry around high speed internet at PARI, Chief Technology Officer Lamar Owen provides insights in this video recording to Marc Czarnecki.

Also see – PARI Broadband Series

Part 1 – Introduction to Lamar

Part 2 – History of Broadband at PARI

Categories
Broadband in WNC Broadband Technology Data Education Lamar Owen PARI Transylvania

Broadband History

PARI’s Internet Connectivity

NO, broadband did NOT fall out of the sky and land in Rosman, NC; although PARI does have an impressive collection of artifacts from outside of our planet earth.

World-Class Collection of ‘Things from the Sky’

In part 1 of this series, Lamar Owen, Chief Technology Officer at the Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute continues to answer Marc Czarnecki’s inquiry about the history of broadband at PARI.

Part 3 – What has broadband enabled at PARI?


More about PARI’s World Class Facility, including their exhibit galleries – https://www.pari.edu/about/our-facility/

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Broadband in WNC Education Fiber Lamar Owen PARI Transylvania

Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute

Intro to Lamar Owen, Chief Technology Officer

Broadband in Western North Carolina can be hidden and the Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute (PARI) has a hidden gem of broadband knowledge.

Marc Czarnecki of the Western North Carolina Broadband Project Team had the special opportunity to seed a series of broadband questions with Lamar Owen, Chief Technology Officer of PARI.

Entrance Sign to PARI, Photograph by Marc Czarnecki

Part 1 of this series on broadband knowledge in WNC is with an introduction to Lamar Owen.

Part 1 of the Series – the Brief Introduction

More Information

Lamar Owen – https://www.linkedin.com/in/lamar-owen-0a28469/

PARI – https://www.pari.edu/

Part 2 of this series – the History of Broadband at PARI

Categories
Broadband in WNC FIber Act Local Government Municipalities NC General Assembly

Fiber Act

2020 – the Past

Legislation on the FIBER NC Act, did not pass legislation largely based on opposition by the larger incumbent telecommunications internet service providers.

What is the FIBER NC Act?

In 2020, the FIBER (Foster Infrastructure for Broadband Expansion and Resources) NC Act (HB 431) was up for vote in the NC legislature; but did not get passed.

It would have eliminated existing state restrictions and increase the authority of local governments to build out broadband infrastructure and lease the fiber to internet service providers (ISP).

It would apply to counties with 4.7 percent or less of households without broadband service (determined by the Federal Communications Commission) or that is home to a major military installation–roughly 70% of counties in the state.

Institute for Emerging Issues

Local Municipalities

How can local municipalities improve high-speed internet? Paul Meyer indicates:

the North Carolina General Assembly should make its first priority upon meeting in January passage of legislation that incorporates the principles of the FIBER NC Act and takes another substantial step in closing our digital divide.

Paul Meyer, Executive Director of the North Carolina League of Municipalities

Meyer, P. (2021, January 3). Broadband would close NC’s digital divide; Big Telecom is blocking it. The Fayetteville Observer; The Fayetteville Observer. https://www.fayobserver.com/story/opinion/columns/guest/2021/01/03/broadband-would-close-ncs-digital-divide-big-telecom-blocking/4087297001/


The WNC Broadband Project is advocating for:

  1. High-speed internet improvements
  2. Eliminating the digital divide
  3. Encouraging economic growth through education, telemedicine, and other broadband business opportunities

Will your home and business be ready for the future needs of broadband?

Categories
Broadband in WNC Dogwood Trust Education Healthcare Telemedicine

Dogwood Trust

Broadband in the Annual Report

Community broadband is needed for every resident in Western North Carolina for economic growth, education, and telehealth as some primary reasons.

Expand Broadband Access

Dogwood Trust – Grants approved in 2020 for strategy to expand broadband access

The Dogwood Trust annual report notes approved grants in 2020 totaling $552,450 as a listed strategy to:

Retain or catalyze +5000 jobs and to diversify the regional economy through advanced manufacturing and other suitable sectors

Dogwood Trust Annual Report Strategy

Economic Strategy

Broadband expansion is part of the strategy listed in the annual report linked below.

The Western North Carolina Broadband Project advocates for high-speed internet in our area.

Contact a member of our WNC Broadband Project Team with any questions.


https://dogwoodhealthtrust.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/DogwoodBOLDAnnualReport1120-v5.pdf

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Broadband access Broadband funding Transylvania

Transylvania County

Additional $4.2M Funding for Broadband Access

The WNC Broadband Project Team recognizes and celebrates high-speed internet growth funding for Transylvania County.

Congratulations Comporium!

In part thanks to state funds, Comporium will have $4.2 million to expand rural broadband access in Transylvania County. 

Transylvania Times

The Transylvania Times. (2020). Comporium Receives Funds To Help With Broadband Access – Transylvania County, NC. The Transylvania Times. https://www.transylvaniatimes.com/story/2020/12/28/news/comporium-receives-funds-to-help-with-broadband-access-transylvania-county-nc/47588.html