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Broadband in WNC Broadband Technology Data Education Lamar Owen PARI Transylvania

Broadband History

PARI’s Internet Connectivity

NO, broadband did NOT fall out of the sky and land in Rosman, NC; although PARI does have an impressive collection of artifacts from outside of our planet earth.

World-Class Collection of ‘Things from the Sky’

In part 1 of this series, Lamar Owen, Chief Technology Officer at the Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute continues to answer Marc Czarnecki’s inquiry about the history of broadband at PARI.

Part 3 – What has broadband enabled at PARI?


More about PARI’s World Class Facility, including their exhibit galleries – https://www.pari.edu/about/our-facility/

Categories
Broadband access Broadband funding Broadband Technology Digital Inequality

Top 10 Broadband Stories of 2020

Drew Clark – Telecom Attorney, The CommLaw Group. Editor and Publisher, Broadband Breakfast

Broadband Breakfast has provided continuous text and video content in 2020 on the topic of broadband in America.

As we approach the end of the year, it is good to revisit broadband stories of 2020.

Drew’s ‘top 10’ Broadband Topics

10 – The fall of China, ZTE and Huawei broadband manufacturers

9 – Spectrum sharing, new technologies are enabling radio frequencies to be used in new and more innovative ways

8 – Open access networks, new fiber networks

7 – Traditional telephone network future

6 – Broadband is infrastructure that needs valid maps

5 – Reverse-auctions and rural broadband / RDOF – Rural Digital Opportunity Fund

4 – Big tech lawsuits, consumer & innovation balance

3 – COVID Teleworking / Working and Learning

2 – Digital Inequality

1 – Federal Government & infrastructure investments

In Western North Carolina, state and federal broadband topics will continue to drive how and when broadband improvements will be made.

Please contact a member of our WNC Broadband Project Team with any questions you may have.


Clark, D. (2020, December 30). Drew Clark: The Top 10 Broadband Stories of 2020, and What They Mean for 2021. Broadbandbreakfast.com. http://broadbandbreakfast.com/2020/12/drew-clark-the-top-10-broadband-stories-of-2020-and-what-they-mean-for-2021/

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Broadband access Broadband funding Latency RDOF Rural Satellite Starlink

WNC Red-Green?

FCC Broadband Opportunity Map

RDOF Phase 1 Results

Is your rural Western North Carolina community striving for broadband?

Is Starlink low earth satellite a possibility for your internet needs?

The Federal Communication Committee has developed a drillable map of ‘Rural Digital Opportunity Funding‘ or RDOF – Phase 1 results by:

  • Gigabit: low latency
  • Above baseline; low latency
  • Above baseline; high latency
  • Baseline; low latency
  • Minimum; low latency
  • No Winning Bidder

https://www.fcc.gov/reports-research/maps/rdof-phase-i-dec-2020/

Contact a member of the WNC Broadband Project Team to learn more about getting dependable, high-speed internet in your community.

Also See

5G in WNC

Challenges Facing Satellite-Based Internet

Frequently Asked Questions About Broadband

Latency and Satellite for Internet Service…

Delay is the time that it takes for the bits of information or data to get across the network and back. Delay is typically measured in milliseconds (msec) or 1/1000th of a second. Two-way applications, such as conferencing, are sensitive to delay. Minimal delay is also very important in interactive gaming applications. For today’s Internet access, 20 msec is excellent. Most applications can tolerate delay of two to three times this length without an adverse effect.

Broadband Latency

Nelius, J. (2020, December 11). Here’s Where SpaceX Has Promised to Provide Starlink Internet. Gizmodo; Gizmodo. https://gizmodo.com/heres-where-spacex-has-promised-to-provide-starlink-int-1845850942

Federal Communications Commission. (2020). Federal Communications Commission. https://www.fcc.gov/reports-research/maps/rdof-phase-i-dec-2020/

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5g Broadband in WNC Broadband Technology Data FCC WiFi Wireless

Learn About 5G

1G, 2G, 3G, 4G and coming soon 5G.

Wikipedia says 5G is the 5th generation technology standard for broadband cellular networks, which cellular phone companies began deploying worldwide in 2019, and is the planned successor to the 4G networks which provide connectivity to most current smartphones.

Our future will see the growth of 5G small cells that are lower to the ground and will cover smaller areas. Thus rural America will see less of 5G and it will take longer to be able to leverage 5G benefits.

Wireless technology is the ability to communicate between two or more entities without the use of wires or cables. Encyclopedia indicates “wireless technology involves transmitting electromagnetic signals over the air. Interference and obstacles that block RF signals are common problems with wireless technology. Wireless technology allows users to communicate simultaneously over the same medium without their signals interfering with one another.”

With 5G wireless stations reaching >20 times more of the workload of the predecessors and beamforming for signals directed to the receiver; 5G will provide full duplex abilities to speak and listen with much greater efficiency allowing expansion and acceleration; provided volumes of 5G networks are available.

Additionally 5G will reduce latency, handle large digital transfers, and provide for security. As Ryan Spence indicates in the LinkedIn Learning module noted below, the value of 5G is not a new wireless technology, but as a ‘change agent’ for what it will enable in our futures.

Additionally, the Federal Communications Committee (FCC) has taken actions to make additional wireless high, mid, and low spectrum and unlicensed bands available with the ‘5G FAST Plan.’ Included with this plans is the modernizing of regulations including one-touch make ready, IP transition, business data, and supply chain regulations. 5G product manufacturers are also building the hardware and security solutions for smartphones, Internet of Things, and home WiFi. And, unlike current WiFi systems, 5G WiFi can associate with unlimited devices.

FCC Chairman Pai explains the FCC’s work on the 5G FAST Plan.

5G in WNC

5G will likely have the greatest impact in the fabric of IoT, AR/VR, and AI. In Western North Carolina, industries including manufacturing (example – jet engines), retail (example – Amazon logistics), transportation (examples – Uber, Lyft, city/state municipalities), utilities (example – French Broad Electric Coop), and entertainment (example Asheville’s music scene) could be some of the forerunners of the future of 5G. A future of 3D models for real estate will be possible. Healthcare with tremendous amount of information exchanged is yet another evolution. Your home’s grocery stock will be efficiently stocked through IoT.

LinkedIn Learning – Free in Buncombe County

In addition to LinkedIn Learning providing a free 1-month trial for new subscribers, Buncombe County Public Libraries offer free, unlimited access to Lynda.com; now called Learning from LinkedIn.

Complete this course and earn a certificate for your professional development.

5G Technology Strategy

Next-Generation Mobile Networking

https://www.linkedin.com/learning/5g-technology-strategy-next-generation-mobile-networking/welcome-to-5g

5G Topic Email in WNC

Stay abreast with 5G topics in Western North Carolina.

Request to be added to our 5G Google email group 5G@WNCBroadband.org.

Please state your location and why you are interested in joining this email group.

Categories
Broadband Technology SpaceX Starlink

SpaceX Starlink Train

The WNC Broadband Leadership Team has had dialogue with Rosman North Carolina’s Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute (PARI); and they mentioned SpaceX Starlink’s light pollution. We take for granted the view of stars on a clear night, but with low earth orbit satellites, there are some brighter objects visible.

LEO – Low Earth Orbit

Wikipedia defines Starlink as a satellite internet constellation being constructed by SpaceX providing satellite Internet access. The constellation will consist of thousands of mass-produced small satellites in low Earth orbit (LEO), working in combination with ground transceivers.

SpaceX ‘Satellite Train’ Recordings

Recorded in the UK

Train of SpaceX satellites passing over the UK

Recorded in Europe

Train of SpaceX Starlink satellites visible from Europe

Initially there will be three to four thousand satellites in orbit with plans to have approximately 30,000 in the future. Because each satellite will be limited to service a certain number of dishes, the more satellites in orbit, the more users can be served. The more satellites, the better the broadband experience; and, the fewer users the better. More users will put more demands on the limitations of the available satellites.

https://www.space.com/spacex-starlink-satellites.html

Please email spacex@wncbroadband.org and share your SpaceX experiences, photographs, videos, stories, and more.

Categories
Broadband funding Broadband in WNC Broadband Technology FCC Fiber Gigabit Latency

Future-Proof Tech

As funds are planned for improving high-speed internet or broadband, policy makers will want to ‘future-proof’ technology and service investments.

Putting a priority on network development with faster downloads & uploads speeds, but also lower levels of latency; the time it takes for data to be transferred between its source and its destination, measured in milliseconds. Network latency affects satellite internet, cable, and some WiFi connections.

This will ideally create forces toward more fiber technologies to “ensure that those benefiting from the networks will be able to use tomorrow’s internet applications as well as today’s.”

The FCC or Federal Communications Committee uses a weighted scale of internet performance tiers with the Rural Digital Opportunity Fund (RDOF) funding.

RDOF Broadband Tiers

  • Minimum > 25/3
  • Baseline > 50/5
  • Above baseline > 100/20
  • Gigabit > 1 Gbps/500 Mbps

Read more about the tier details at: An Overview Of The FCC’s Rural Digital Opportunity Fund

Categories
Broadband access Broadband funding Broadband in WNC Broadband Technology Digital Divide Digital Equity Digital Inclusion Economic Development Education Policy Telehealth YouTube

Broadband, Biden

Broadband Breakfast Live

The election is behind us. What does the future of broadband have in the future with the Biden Administration?

Listen to the discussion on broadband and the FCC policy future:

  • Drew Clark – Telecom Attorney, The CommLaw Group; Editor and Publisher, Broadband Breakfast, Washington DC-Baltimore Area
  • Scott Wallsten – President and Senior Fellow at Technology Policy Institute, Washington, District of Columbia
  • Mark Jamison, Ph.D. – Research & Education Director, Gainesville, Florida
Broadband Breakfast Live Online on Wednesday, November 11: Broadband and the Joe Biden President-Elect Administration
Categories
Broadband Technology Digital Divide Economic Development Live Streaming YouTube

Livestream Your Cause

Live Streaming Demands Bandwidth

With COVID-19, the world of online communication has significantly changed in 2020. Communicating with technology has significantly increased with video conferencing tools like Zoom, Google Meet, Microsoft Teams, WebEx, etc..

As a further extension to video conferencing, live streaming video content is appropriate for when an individual or panel of speakers needs to broadcast information to many people during an event.  Zoom, Facebook, and YouTube are some of the frequently used tools for live streaming. 

Live Streaming Defined

Live streaming the internet process of holding a live event. Facebook, YouTube, Zoom, and other tools allow an individual or small group to present content through the use of a webcam and a microphone. Computer laptops and smartphones both have a built-in microphone and camera. Newer computers are needed for the RAM or Random-Access-Memory and CPU or Central Processing Unit demands. To live stream, broadband or high speed, dependable internet is also needed.

Additionally, a third party can support hosting a live streaming event with an EMCEE, online transitions, callouts, background music and more services. These services require even more broadband; including fast download, fast upload, and low-latency internet connections. Ideally, a FTTP or Fiber To The Premise broadband (home or business) is ideal.

WordCamp, a Global Event

On Saturday September 12th the local WordPress community held a live streaming event with the Word Camp community leadership. This event is traditionally held at a large venue location like AB Tech or UNCA; however, social distancing caused the leadership team to plan and implement an online solution for this 2-day event that typically sells-out with in excess of 300 attendees. Word Camp is a global event where throughout the year businesses, website developers, coders, and marketers get together at various global locations to promote WordPress website ideas, concepts, training, and more.

WordCamp Asheville

WordCamp Asheville or #WCAVL (# is a taxonomy symbol grouping like words or phrases for various social media channels). The 2020 theme was a county home setting with a Front, Back Porch, Kitchen and more. These virtual rooms were live stream rooms where attendees could hear a WordPress subject matter expert present various business and technical topics.

Diversity, Ethnicity, and Inclusion in Tech

In the Front Porch or ‘Track 1’ there was a discussion titled ‘Diversity in Tech’ Panel with Sarah Benoit, Aisha Adams (both from Western North Carolina), Aida Correa of Atlanta, Georgia, and Joe A. Simpson Jr. from Los Angeles, California. During this live stream event they discussed DEI or diversity, ethnicity, and inclusion in the technology world for the benefit of ages of children through older adults. Additionally, Aisha mentions how Asheville ‘still has areas without broadband access.’

About the Author of This Article

WordCamp Asheville EMCEE Marc Czarnecki, a 360 Degree Spherical View at Hatchworks Coworking in Asheville, NC

Marc Czarnecki or Web Tech Czar was an EMCEE for #WCAVL and is a community member of:

Categories
Broadband access Broadband Technology Digital Divide

The Challenges Facing Satellite-Based Internet

We have reported elsewhere on the challenges that satellite-based internet developers are facing as they seek to enter the the broadband market in a meaningful way (see “The New Outlook for Satellite-Based Internet,” January 28, 2020). In his article for Wired, “SpaceX is Banking on Satellite Internet. Maybe It Shouldn’t” (May 15 and 23, 2019), Daniel Oberhaus observes that the economics that prospective projects–such as Elon Musk’s Starlink and Amazon’s Project Kuiper, among others–will face are daunting at best, and possibly even prohibitive. In addition to competition from other satellite-based internet providers, Oberhaus notes, Musk’s Starlink will face a host of technological challenges stemming from low-earth broadband satellite constellations, stiff competition from more affordable land-based providers, and a potential rival in the global implementation of 5G networks within the next 5-10 years. To learn more about these and other challenges to satellite-based internet, visit Wired.

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Broadband access Broadband Technology Digital Divide Education Federal Efforts

How the Covid-19 Pandemic Will Change Our Understanding of National Security and Underscore the Need for High-Speed Broadband Expansion

In a recent article, CNN National Security Analyst Peter Bergen and Arizona State University Professor Daniel Rothenberg explore how the pandemic is rapidly becoming a “hinge event,” very much like the Great Depression or 9/11, “reshaping the world, politically, socially and economically and … revealing major structural weaknesses in American society and undermining already fraying trust in the capacity of the US government to respond effectively to core security challenges.” Covid-19 will force us to rethink our concepts of national security and to reassess what is important to our families, our communities, and our nation. Among the changes that Bergen and Rothenberg see on the horizon are increased use of telemedicine; the expansion of remote work; the redefinition of higher education and growth on online instruction; and a profound need for affordable and equitably distributed high-speed broadband. To learn more, visit CNN: Opinion.